How IoT technology may be used

Devices on the Internet of Things can span a wide range of applications. After a device becomes smart through the integration of embedded processing, remote communication can share data with a network. Applications can then analyze that data, enabling new classes of services. With the IoT in place, machines become more efficient, and life becomes easier for people.

“Smart” applications include the following:

Cities: manage utilities including electricity and water, provide efficient lighting, oversee video surveillance, and improve efficiency of parking and traffic flow.

Homes: control entertainment, lighting, and access, provide security, optimize energy usage, reduce chores, and promote greater comfort and convenience.

Cars: enable vehicle-to-vehicle communication, select more efficient routes, find electric vehicle charging stations, monitor vehicle health, and reduce maintenance through software upgrades.

Industry: control processes with machine-to-machine communication, monitor and control environmental conditions, secure facilities, schedule maintenance, optimize supply chains, create new customer services, and track assets and goods.

Healthcare: provide remote or real-time pervasive monitoring of patients through telehealth, improve diagnosis and acuity assessment, reduce escalation with better assisted care, improve medication adherence, and enable next-of-kin transparency.

Agriculture: use water more efficiently, monitor crop health continuously, deploy chemicals accurately, predict and respond to weather changes, optimize harvesting, foster animal health, track locations of equipment and livestock, and control perishables in transport.